alcohol abuse among college students – conclusion

This review highlights the challenge of alcohol abuse study among college students in the United States. The literature reviewed can be grouped into three main groups – those discussing the prevalence of alcohol abuse in colleges, those discussing the factors that predispose college students to abuse alcohol and those discussing the outcomes of alcohol abuse among college students and the treatment approaches.

On the prevalence of alcohol abuse in colleges, the reviewed literature is in a consensus that rates of alcohol abuse in colleges are higher than those of the general adult population. On the predisposing factors for alcohol abuse in colleges, the literature identifies school environment, individual characteristics and family environment to contribute towards alcohol abuse by college students. Outcomes of alcohol abuse in college are largely negative, with its association with risky behaviors such as gambling, unprotected sex and multi-drug abuse. Treatment approaches involve counseling session and enrollment in motivational peer groups. However, effectiveness of such approaches is moderated by family support, individual characteristics, and financial cost of the treatment approaches.

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