Can war be fought with “civilized” rules and conduct given the increased complexity of international relations as well as the tendency to move from conventional to unconventional conflict?

Increasing complexity of modern war has led to a change in the way nation states approach wars. On the one hand, the rise of the human rights movements has meant that nation states ought to respect the rights of civilians when engaging in wars. However, in the contemporary environment, nation states are not only facing threats from other nations but also from guerrilla outfits that integrate quickly into their communities when they encounter armed opponents. In this context, therefore, nations engaged in war have found it increasingly difficult to engage in wars without having civilian casualties.

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