Comparing Organic and Conventional Foods

The advent of many diseases attributed to lifestyle changes and the role of nutrition in averting these diseases has fueled campaigns to switch to organic foods consumption. Additionally environmental conservation practices associated with the production of such foods has fueled the campaign. It is argued that use of “Chemical pesticides, fertilizers and hybrid seeds have destroyed wildlife and crop diversity, poisoned people and ruined the soil” (Parrot & Marsden, 2002, p.4). Therefore organic farming has presented mankind with one of the tools to stop a destructive farming practice – conventional farming – that; does not only adversely affect human health but also hamper harmonious coexistence of life diversity necessary for survival (Parrot & Marsden, 2002).

On the other hand, the perceived health benefits of organic foods have been contested. It has for instance been argued that organic foods might not confer significant nutritional benefits than conventional foods (“Is organic overrated?” 2009). Use of biotechnological advances that confer additional nutritive value to certain foods is also not allowed in organic farming practices (Azadi & Ho, 2010).  Further the pesticides levels recommended for use in conventional farming have been advanced to not bear harmful outcomes on human health (“Is organic overrated?” 2009). However the main argument against organic foods is their high pricing in relation to conventional foods. It is thus notable that if organic farming bears the potential to alleviate the crisis of food sustainability the method must find means through which the common citizenry can afford these foods.

To evaluate the need to switch to organic foods; this paper thus evaluates the case for and against organic farming in comparison to that for conventional farming. Through a literature review the paper intends to identify the main themes of comparison so as to better inform the discussion on the subject. Based on the themes arguments for and against organic farming will be presented with a discussion as to whether such practice bears more positive outcomes than conventional farming methods being presented afterwards. Go to part 2 here.

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