January 10th, 2018
comparison of US and UK cultures| tromponeers
Trompenaars cultural perspectives also derive some similarities between the UK and the US. Just as was noted for Hofstede’s Individualism index; in terms of communitarianism versus individualism both countries’ cultures are noted to be individualistic (Appendix, Figure 2). Similarity is also noted with respect to universalism versus particularism where the countries are advanced to exhibit universalistic cultures (Appendix, Figure 2). Such then indicates that in both countries formal rules are viewed to be equally applicable to every individual and are hence relied upon (Bhagat & Steers 2009, p. 4, Table 1.4). The US is however a more universalistic society than the UK (Meaning and dimensions of culture n.d; Appendix Figure 3). Further similarity is also advanced with respect to the way through which the society accords respect and status to its individuals where both countries are noted to value achievement more than ascription (Appendix, Figure 2).
Similarity between the two countries’ cultures also extends to diffuse versus specific attributes of culture. As such, both groups view roles to have a clear separation an aspect of specific relationship (Appendix, Figure 2). Further similarity in culture is in relation to aspects of human relationship with nature and also with time. In regard to nature the culture’s of both countries are advanced to focus their efforts on controlling the environment; while with regard to time they are more future oriented laying emphasis on planning (Bhagat & Steers 2009, p. 4, Table 1.4; Universiteit Maastricht [UM] Business School n.d, p. 22). The main differences in the two cultures however arise with respect to how people show emotions in public. While Americans express their emotions more freely in public, UK residents tend to restrict their emotions and feelings in public (Bhagat & Steers 2009, p. 4, Table 1.4; UM Business School n.d, p. 22).
Hall’s High/low context dimension on culture also provides some similarities between the US and the UK. Both the UK and the US in respect of this are low context cultures that communicate their message directly without necessarily placing much meaning on the context surrounding the message (Bhagat & Steers 2009, p. 4, Table 1.3). Further both countries’ cultures are more oriented towards a centre of power rather than of the community hence the “need for delineated personal space between themselves and others” is emphasized (Bhagat & Steers 2009, p. 4, Table 1.3). Such reflects the individualism aspects noted for both Hofstede’s and Trompenaars’ dimensions. Both countries are also identified as having a monochronic culture hence exhibiting a “precise concept of time” (Bhagat & Steers 2009, p. 4, Table 1.3). This would mean being late for appointment or any other meeting could impact on ones perception by individuals from these cultures.
According to the measures of culture evaluated the US and the UK cultures are noted to exhibit more similarities than divergence though at varying degrees. Only one aspect – the neutral versus emotional dimension advanced by Trompenaars – has been observed to have a wide difference. Such indications then point to similar business conditions in these nations if the cultural dimensions surveyed were to be taken to be exclusive.