Education Plan for Managing Hypoglycemia in Diabetes Mellitus – conclusion

Hypoglycemia is a major barrier in glycemic control in T1DM and advanced T2DM. This is associated with exogenous administration of insulin, and sulfonylureas, and defective glucose feedback regulatory system. The purpose of this paper was to present an educational plan for self-management of hypoglycemia in T1DM and advanced T2DM subjects after discharge from hospital. The education plan assesses the educational needs of the diabetic patients at increased risk of experiencing hypoglycemia episodes, addresses the contents the session will cover and provides methodologies that will be used to ensure effective learning.

Diabetic patients education needs include physiological, psychological and socio-cultural aspects. Physiological needs relate to understanding disease aspects that affect their well being, psychological needs relate to alleviating effects such as fear, anxiety and seclusion caused by hypoglycemia episodes, and socio-cultural aspects involve impacts of change in lifestyle on their social lives. The training session will provide information on preventative approaches, symptoms of the illness and actions to take when symptoms appear. To the effectiveness of the session, group discussion will be used to alleviate psychological barriers whereas anonymized questionnaires and narrative writing will be used to assess patients’ knowledge of their condition. Assessment of training outcomes is via verbal demonstration, question-and-answer sessions, and follow-up sessions to assess long-term gains.

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