January 10th, 2018
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome – conclusion
Alcohol consumption by women may be due to factors such as family history of alcoholism, societal pressure, boredom, depression and low self esteem. The negative effects of alcohol are compounded during pregnancy. These include maternal morality and co morbidity and the underdevelopment of the fetus. Maternal alcohol consumption leads to births with FAS. The fetal alcohol syndrome is the retardation of mental and physical development of the child. Despite the prevalence of FAS, not much is being done to prevent its occurrence. This is due to chronic drinking habits of women, high cases of unplanned pregnancies, inadequate training of healthcare professionals and the lack of routine screening programs at prenatal clinics and at substance abuse treatment centers. Since the effects of FAS cannot be reversed, clear strategies on reducing alcohol consumption need to be formulated and implemented. These strategies include educating the public to increase their awareness about FAS through mass media, meetings and seminars; incorporating training and education in professional curricula and publishing of FAS material for professionals; and implementing routine screening of pregnant women for alcohol consumption. This will ensure that maternal mortalities are reduced and that women have healthy births free of fetal alcohol syndrome.
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