Fetal Alcohol Syndrome – conclusion

Alcohol consumption by women may be due to factors such as family history of alcoholism, societal pressure, boredom, depression and low self esteem. The negative effects of alcohol are compounded during pregnancy. These include maternal morality and co morbidity and the underdevelopment of the fetus. Maternal alcohol consumption leads to births with FAS. The fetal alcohol syndrome is the retardation of mental and physical development of the child. Despite the prevalence of FAS, not much is being done to prevent its occurrence. This is due to chronic drinking habits of women, high cases of unplanned pregnancies, inadequate training of healthcare professionals and the lack of routine screening programs at prenatal clinics and at substance abuse treatment centers. Since the effects of FAS cannot be reversed, clear strategies on reducing alcohol consumption need to be formulated and implemented. These strategies include educating the public to increase their awareness about FAS through mass media, meetings and seminars; incorporating training and education in professional curricula and publishing of FAS material for professionals; and implementing routine screening of pregnant women for alcohol consumption. This will ensure that maternal mortalities are reduced and that women have healthy births free of fetal alcohol syndrome.

Works Cited

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Hanson, G.R., Peter J. Venturelli, and Annette E Fleckenstein. Drugs and society. 9th ed. MA: Jones and Bartlett. 2006. Print.

Niccols, Alison. “Fetal alcohol syndrome and the developing socio-emotional brain.” Brain and Recognition. 65.1 (2007): 135-142. Print.

Manning, Melanie, and H. Eugene Hoyme. “Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders: A practical clinical approach to diagnosis.” Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews. 31.2 (2007):230-238. Print.

Zoorob, R., Muktar H. Aliyu, and Carmela Hayes. “Fetal alcohol syndrome: Knowledge and attitudes of family medicine clerkship and residency directors.” Alcohol. 44.4 (2010): 379-385. Print.

Gemma, Simonetta, Susan Vichi, and Emanuela Testai. “Metabolic and genetic factors contributing to alcohol induced effects and fetal alcohol syndrome.” Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews 31.2(2007):221-229. Print.

FASD prevention. National Organization on Fetal Alcohol

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