Fetal Alcohol Syndrome – outcomes

The impact of FAS is not only felt by the mother and child but the society as well. According to Niccols, children born with FAS have slower growth rates and speech development, smaller head size, and lower IQ averages of 60 and 65. Furthermore, they are susceptible to heart problems, kidney damage, poor vision and cleft palates. Though children with FAS are outgoing, social and affectionate, they are also prone to eating disorders, sleep problems, tantrums and disruptive behavior that influence their participation in social settings. Adults with FAS have poor metabolism, memory retention, motor skills, hearing, vision, fluency and emotional intelligence, and lack the ability to live independently. Moreover, they are more likely to break the law, take drugs and need psychiatric attention (135-142).

Individuals with FAS need special medical care such as psychiatrists, speech therapists, nutritionists and specialists in neurology and genetics. They also have other needs such as housing as they need someone to take care of them. It has been estimated that the cost of caring for individuals with FAS throughout their lifetime totals $ 2.0 million (Niccols 135-142).This cost is borne by the society who have to make up for the loss in productivity of adults with FAS. Go to part 4 here.

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