Iran’s policy toward the US (part 4)

The backbone of Iran’s worsening foreign relations with the US however still lies with its uranium enrichment process. Against the wishes of the United States the Iranian Government has reiterated its intention to continue its enrichment process ( 2010). The September 11 attacks however have made the US resist all attempts by any group it considers to be Islamic fundamentalist to acquire nuclear weapons (Katzman 77). Such concerns are also shared with US friends in the Middle East – Israel – who “view a nuclear armed Iran as an existential threat” to their survival (Katzman 78). With such strong indications by external forces to venture into Iran in future; Iran’s foreign policy has changed to include enhancing its security and establishing alliances with countries with which it did not enjoy traditional support. Some of these have been the promotion of better relations with the Arab world with its involvement in various conflict resolutions under the Organization of the Islamic Conference (Afrasiabi and Maleki 258) and the formation of strategic partnership with Russia (Afrasiabi and Maleki 260).

Iran’s foreign policy towards the United States is thus influenced by a number of factors. Some of these include security concerns, attempts to establish a powerful position in the region and different religious perspectives. Increased US presence in Iran’s neighborhood has for instance generated security concerns especially following Iran’s nuclear projects. Further the country seeks to establish its powerful position in the region by forming alliances and partnership. The success of such a policy however depends on the effect of the US policy in the region. Saghafi-Ameri (13), for instance notes that the US has expanded its influence in Asia with its focus on the Asian-Pacific Zone and its confrontational policy would deter the success of Iranian’s search of dominance in the region. What however complicates the search for better relationship with the US is the perception of Iran’s fundamentalists rule by the United States. As noted earlier the September 11 attacks on the US has ensured that the US will never concede to the existence of a fundamentalists rule in Iran that could prove a threat to its security interests in future.

Works Cited

Afrasiabi, Kaveh and Abbas Maleki. “Iran’s Foreign Policy After 11 September.” The Brown Journal of World Affairs 9.2 (2003):256 – 265. Web. 07 April 2010.

Barzegar, Kayhan. “Understanding the Roots of Iranian Foreign Policy in the New Iraq.” Middle East Policy 12.2 (2005): 49-57. Wiley InterScience. Web. 07 April 2010.

CNN. “Iran Uranium Enrichment Course ‘Not Acceptable,’ Obama Says.” CNN.Com. Web. 07 April 2010.

Haynes, Jeffrey. “Religion and Foreign Policy Making in the USA, India and Iran: Towards a Research Agenda.” Third World Quarterly 29.1 (2008) 143-165. Web. 06 March 2010.

Rasmussen, Katrine Barnekow. The Foreign Policy of Iran: Ideology and Pragmatism in the Islamic Republic. DIIS Brief. Web. 06 March 2010.

Katzman, Kenneth. “Iran: United states Concerns and Policy Responses.” The DISAM Journal (2009): 75-86. Web. 07 April 2010.

Saghafi-Ameri, Nasser. Iran and “Look to the East” Policy. Department of Foreign Policy Research, 2006. Web. 07 March 2010.

Teaching Resource Center. “United States Foreign Policy: America and its Relationship with the World.” Middle East Resources 18.2 (1997). 1-13. Web. 07 March 2010.

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