August 20th, 2016
Review of Kozol’s Essay – Inequalities in American Education
Kozol’s essay, “Still Separate, Still Unequal”, argues that the continued inequality in American education is out of failure to address the issue of racial segregation. From the onset, the essay notes of increasing re-segregation since the legal effect of cases such as Brown v. Board of Education has waned with time. Moreover, as Kozol (41-42) observed, there has been a rising disinterest in achieving the clamor for integration compared to the agitation noted during the era of civil rights movements. Throughout the essay, Kozol brings out the issue of inequality with vivid examples and statistics that support his arguments advanced, the result being an essay that clearly and effectively presents the case against segregated education.
Kozol’s essay provides convincing evidence of the role of segregation in advancing inequality in education. For instance, statistics presented in the essay highlight variances in funding, learning resources and teacher-qualification between predominantly Caucasian schools and predominantly black and Hispanic schools. Although such differences have been rationalized through economic arguments, Kozol notes that analysis of the differences reveals that the actual reason behind the differences is racial segregation. To illustrate, as Kozol notes, racial segregation affords children different learning opportunities at early stages, yet places similar expectations through standardized “high-stake” tests later in education (44-45).
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Kozol, Jonathan. “Still Separate, Still Unequal.” Harper’s Magazine, September 2005, pp. 41-52.