Similarities between Christianity and Islam

The similarities between Christianity and Islam can be found in basic concepts, moral codes and practices. In the basic concepts, both religions for instance have a monotheistic approach where God (Allah) is advanced to be the creator (Gaudet, Mills & Ali, n.d). Similarly God is perceived to be an omnipotent, omniscient and a transcendent being who has a master-servant relationship with humans (Gaudet, Mills & Ali, n.d). To advance their relationship, both religions contend the role of covenants (agreements) made between humans and God non performance of which results into the sinful nature of mankind (Gaudet, Mills & Ali, n.d). Similarly the religions believe in there being a time when the world will come to an end though the time of such an occurrence, according to both religions is beyond the knowledge of human beings (Gaudet, Mills & Ali, n.d). At such an end of the world, both religions contend that there would be destruction of evil and its main representative figure – Satan, antichrist or Dajjal (Gaudet, Mills & Ali, n.d).With the contention of there being evil and good, both religions forecast a judgment day at the end of the world (Gaudet, Mills & Ali, n.d).  On the judgment day all human beings would be adjudged based on their actions with the standards and moral codes advanced by the covenants between man and God being used as the reference (Gaudet, Mills & Ali, n.d). Such judgment would determine ones eternal abode with reward for prudent actions being heaven and imprudent actions being rewarded with a stay in hell (Gaudet, Mills & Ali, n.d).

Similarity in concepts also  arise with regard to existence of angels – spiritual beings – and prophets – humans – who can serve as God’s messengers (Gaudet, Mills & Ali, n.d). Just as God has his messengers, the religions also contend that Satan (Shaytain) has messengers (evil spirits) who subscribe to his doctrines and are intent on deviating human kind from the righteous path of God (Gaudet, Mills & Ali, n.d). The religions however advance that humans could be forgiven (by God) when they sincerely repent if they transgress against the righteous ways provided for by covenants between God and man (Gaudet, Mills & Ali, n.d). To guide the people towards God’s righteous ways, both religions subscribe to scriptures that they contend were divinely revealed (or inspired) to individuals who convey them to humanity (Gaudet, Mills & Ali, n.d).

Similarities in both religions also arise in respect to various elements of the moral code. Though faith is the start point of both religions, they both contend that such must be accompanied by actions to count (Gaudet, Mills & Ali, n.d). Since faith is a central tenet in both religions, only God must be worshiped hence the worship of any other deity would attract punishment from God – it is synonymous to bestowing faith on such other deity (Gaudet, Mills & Ali, n.d). Both religions also recognize certain rights of humans hence prohibiting such practices as theft and violence (Gaudet, Mills & Ali, n.d). Special rights also accrue to parents and spouses thus giving rise to the commands to honor ones parents and forbidding adultery and fornication (Gaudet, Mills & Ali, n.d). Other moral code similarities include the forbidding of intoxication and requirements to subject to the society’s laws (Gaudet, Mills & Ali, n.d).

Some of the practices of the two religions also show some level of convergence. Prayer is for instance a central practice in both religions through which humans communicate to God (Gaudet, Mills & Ali, n.d). Through prayers humans can request God to help them overcome challenges in the world and God at times would grant these requests (Gaudet, Mills & Ali, n.d). Similarly both religions recognize the obligation to congregate, at least once a week, for a service of worship (Gaudet, Mills & Ali, n.d). As such, both religions have set aside a special day in a week (Sunday for Christians and Friday for Muslims) for collective worship (Gaudet, Mills & Ali, n.d).   Practices such as charity and fasting for religious concerns are also associated with a reward in both religions (Gaudet, Mills & Ali, n.d). To recognize the antecedents of their respective religions, both Christians and Muslims also celebrate the births of the respective messengers credited the authorship of their respective religions (Gaudet, Mills & Ali, n.d). Go to part 4 here.

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