Sociological perspective of poverty – methodology & Results

The knowledge of income inequalities existing in the population and their causes is important in establishing the appropriate strategies to combat poverty. This study wished to identify the racial inequalities in incomes evident in the U.S population by variables such as amount of income (per capita income), type of jobs (low tier and high tier), and employment related benefits. The study proceeded by examining the statistics from US Census Bureaua 2008 “Income, poverty, and health insurance coverage” report (2009), US Census BureaubState and Local Government Finances and Employment” report (2009) and various journal articles to compile statistics on the variables it wished to assess.

Proportionate representation of the assessed variables with respect to individual race populations and total populations were tabulated (appendices 1 and 2) to give comparative percentages for the races. These were then incorporated in MS office excel 2007 to generate various graphs to provide easy to compare figures that were presented in the results section. The paper also analyzed the observed inequalities in order to provide the appropriate sociological solutions taking into account past literature on the subject. These are discussed in the causes of and possible solutions to income inequalities part of the paper that appears after the results and discussion of results part.

Results

figure1

 

Figure 2: Poverty in America in the year 2008 (percentages)

figure2

Poverty levels and its various measures for the year 2008 showing the racial inequalities between the white majority and the minority races (African Americans and Latino Americans) [as compiled from appendix 1 figures].

Continued results here. 

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