Terrorism as the preeminent issue of the 21st century – conclusion

Terrorism has had a great impact on international security in the recent past, with terror activities such as the September 11 bombing in the US bringing security to the fore of international concerns. This paper argues out that the increased threat of terrorism will continue to be the preeminent international security issue in the 21st century, and possibility mediate crises of authority for governments around the world.

Globalization has provided an impetus for the growth and transformation of terror organizations. Modern day terrorist groups such as Al Qaeda have links in many nations thus posing an increasing threat to international security. Modern terrorism is also not driven only by political objectives but religious ideology has become a large part to actualization of terror activities across the globe. Accordingly, states are not only faced with the challenge of dealing with political actors that use terrorist groups to achieve their political objectives (such as addressing economic inequalities), but also instituting appropriate responses to religious fanatics that view terrorism as an end rather than a means to an end. The complexity of dealing with terrorist activities has further been enhanced by the possible collaboration between terrorist groups and criminal organizations. Such impact of terror could become a source of crises of authority for instance for governments that fail to meet its citizenry expectations such as providing adequate security for the citizens.

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