Why Fascism took root in Germany in the 1930s

The rise of fascism in Germany in the 1930s can be attributed to various factors that had predominated after the First World War. For example, following World War I, the economies of many European countries had declined leading to widespread apathy toward the systems of political organization that existed before then. As such, the masses needed an alternative system that they could identify with and thus the rise of Benito Mussolini to power in 1922 in Italy and his promise to create a system of governance that would rejuvenate nationalistic pride was well received. Following the rise of Mussolini, Adolf Hitler sought to use similar strategies in Germany in the 1930s and found a ready audience since he capitalized on the loss of reputation for the Germans following their defeat in the World War I. Apart from the economic factors, other factors such as the rise of communism and the political instabilities in the region enabled fascism to gain root in Germany. The contribution of these factors to fascism in Germany is considered further in the subsequent sections of this paper.

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